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Diaphragm Pump FAQ
My pump does not turn on.
- Check for power (Supply voltage +/- 10%)
- Check pressure switch. Please see ESR-008.
- Check relay – It will make a click sound if failed. (FB2/FB3 series demand pump)
- Replace motor
- My pump is not flowing.
- My pump is not shutting off or does not build pressure.
My pump is turning on and off quickly (Cycling).
Pump ‘cycling’ is when the pressure switch of any demand style pump is rapidly turning on and off. Understanding why your pump is doing this is essential to finding a solution to the issue.
- Understanding Pressure Switches
To understand why your pump is cycling it is important to understand how a pressure switch works. On the top of all demand style pumps there is a pressure switch. Inside the pressure switch is a small diaphragm connected to an electrical On/Off switch. Once the pressure in the pump head reaches a certain pre-set limit (ex. 60 psi) the diaphragm will inflate and hit the electrical On/Off switch turning your pump off. Once the pressure in the pump goes below the pre-set limit (ex. 60 psi) the diaphragm will deflate turning the pump back on.
- Flow vs. Restriction
The flow of your Delavan Pump and your system’s restrictions are the next factors to consider. The flow of your Delavan Pump is written on the label of your pump. For this example, you have a 5 GPM Delavan pump and have it hooked up to nozzles or a spray wand. The nozzle or wand is only able to put 2 GPM, this is the restriction of your system. Your pump always wants to push 5 GPM but the system restriction won’t allow it. This causes your pump’s pressure switch to rapidly turn On/Off. Much like any electrical system, turning your pump On/Off rapidly is causing damage and may cause your pump to prematurely break down.
- How do I stop my pump from cycling?
Recognize what is causing the restriction. It could be the size of your nozzles, the wand you are using, a kinked hose in your system, the diameter of the hose, too many 90º fittings. It can be one or a few of these issues. Fixing the restriction and increasing the flow of your system will stop cycling.
If you are using a Sprayer or Wand type system you can easily add a return to tank or “bypass” which will circulate any extra fluid back to the tank. Do this by adding a T-fitting and valve just past the outlet and a hose which will direct any excess flow back to the tank. We have a Youtube video explaining this; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QEN6AXZrAGM
Finally, you can adjust the pressure of where your pressure switch will turn off power to your pump by adjusting the set-screw on top. Follow this link for an explanation of how to do that. Please see ESR-001.
My pump leaks.
- Check for loose screws at switch or pump head.
- Check the switch diaphragm ruptured or pinched. Replace the pressure switch. Please see ESR-008.
- Check for fluid in the pump head. If present, replace the lower housing assembly. Please see ESR-003.
- If you have a 7822FS serial number and the pump is leaking from the Flex-Ports please see Please see ESR-027.
or this youtube video. https://youtu.be/jVeK0pmCcdo
Why does my pump get very hot?
Delavan pumps are equipped with high torque continuous duty cycle motors. They are designed to run continuously at pressures less than 50-60 PSI.
If the motor is getting hot, typically the pressure is high causing the motor to work harder.
1. Reduce the operating pressure to 30-40 PSI
2. If pressures higher than 50-60 PSI are required, introduce a duty cycle, use the pump for 50 minutes and then let it rest for 10 minutes to allow the motor to cool down.
MODEL STANDARD AVAILABLE OPTION 5800 1/2″ NPT 5900 3/4″ Quick Attach 7800 5/8″ Quick Attach 3/8″ NPT 7800 FLEX 3/4″ Quick Attach 5/8″ Quick Attach (Needs QA Adapter FA-7822FS) 7870/7871 FB 1/2″ NPT 7970 3/4″ Quick Attach
Import vs Domestic Pump
Any pump with an ‘-I’ at the end of the model number is an import pump. The upper housing assembly and valve plater are not replaceable with a standard domestic pump. Pressure switches are interchangeable on all models and so are lower housing assemblies.
Demand vs Bypass
A demand pump shuts off at pressure setting. You can identify a demand pump by the wire leads out of the pump head (pressure switch). A bypass pump runs continuously when it has power. You can identify a bypass pump since they only have 2 wires out of the motor.
Are Delavan diaphraphm pumps self priming? Can they run dry?
Diaphragm pumps self prime and can run dry.
Which models are potable water safe (NSF)?
All models are NSF certified except import and FB3 (7871/7971) series pumps.
- Fuse/Wire Size
Please contact Delavan Techincal Support to discuss your application.
Can I adjust my pressure switch?
Adjusting the pressure switch may increase pump wear and tear which therefore reduces pump life.
What does Extreme Duty mean?
Extreme Duty pumps are made with stronger and heavier duty Geolast diaphragms. Pumps with Geolast diaphragm exhibits enhanced oil-resistance and low oil swell making it ideal for oil based applications. Geolast provides moderate flex life and good abrasion resistance over a wide temperature. Should not be used with gasoline.
Can I pump diesel through my pump?
Never pump gasoline, flammable liquids or combustible liquids. Pumps with santoprene diaphragms are designed for use with water-based products only. Pumps with Extreme Diaphragm (ED) designation are made with Geolast Diaphragms and are compatible with non-flammable and non-combustible oil-based liquids.
Can I pump bleach through my pump?
Yes, you can pump bleach through any Delavan PowerFLO Pump.
Sodium hypochlorite or bleach is a key component in thousands of production and disinfection processes in a variety of industries. Though testing we have found that sodium hypochlorite does affect the elastomers (or elasticity) of the pumps diaphragm over time. Simply put, a pumps diaphragm is similar to an elastic band and continuous use over time with bleach will cause it to dry out and have less elasticity.
There are steps you can take to prolong the life of a diaphragm pump used in conjunction with bleach.
1. Flush out you pump after each use with fresh water for 90 Seconds
2. Dilute the bleach. Delavan recommends a concentration of 12%. (Similar to the concentration used in most soft wash applications)
3. Replace the pump’s diaphragm every 12-18 months (depending on usage) or when you begin to see a significant drop in flow.
What size pump should I use for my application?
In order to optimize the performance and life of your Delavan Fluid Power pump we recommend matching your systems output GPM as close as possible to the pumps GPM. For example if you have a four nozzle boom and each nozzle puts out 0.5GPM at 40PSI, you would want a pump close to 2.0GPM.
If you are replacing a pump on a sprayer system try to match as close as possible the GPM of the pump you are replacing. Moving to a larger pump with a higher GPM output will cause the pump to cycle therefore reducing the life of the diaphragm and pressure switch.
For help on deciding which pump is best for you, please call 1-866-DELAVAN and one of our representatives will be happy to help you.
Why does the relay on my FB Pump need to be replaced?
Your FB Pump is always trying to pump 7 GPM from the inlet to the outlet. When either side of your pump has a restriction, the pump begins ‘working harder’ to get the desired 7 GPM output. When asked to ‘work harder’ it is drawing more AMPS from your electrical source to get more power. With enough system restriction it can cause an AMP spike which in turn can burn out your relay. (Your relay is actually working as a fail-safe here protecting your pump from further damage.)
What is restriction?
Restriction, as far as your pumps set-up is concerned, is anything that prevents your pump from pumping 7 GPM. This can be improper nozzle sizes, hose diameter too small, 90° fittings, kinks in hoses, etc.
If you can decrease the restriction, you can decrease the probability of this happening again.
Plumbing in a ‘Return To Tank’ to divert extra flow back to your tank is the best and easiest way to prevent premature failure of your Delavan Pump. After your pump’s outlet install a Tee fitting with a ball valve and run the hose back to your tank. By opening that ball valve, you can now divert any extra flow back to your tank.
The gauge of wire used on your pump set-up can also be considered restriction for your electrical system. Always be sure to use 12AWG wiring with your FB Pump.
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